Jiangxi unveils China’s first rare earths policies plan
Published: Thursday, 14 December 2017
Following China’s recent inspections of rare earth industry facilities and the resulting guidance, Jiangxi province has released a rare earth policies plan, which is a first for the East Asian country.
In China, the Ministry of Industry & Information
Technology, along with a team from the China Rare Earth
Association, finished their inspections and research into
rare earth companies in Henan and Jiangxi provinces, which
lasted from September 27 to October 13. The inspections
focused on resource utilisation companies and their source
material purchases, production and sales.
During the inspections, the team found that companies were
processing mineral products, and using some environmental
equipment, that did not comply with the necessary standards.
The ministry urged local governments to act on these cases and
to begin closer surveillance of the offending companies.
The provincial government of Jiangxi subsequently unveiled a
control and management plan for the rare earth industry on
October 17, the first of its kind in China. The plan was
constructed from the administration’s long-term
experience of the industry and the special actions taken
against illegal rare earth mining and production activities
over the past few years, which were intended to strengthen the
national rare earth strategy.
The plan contains 19 measures, which include a ban on the
mining of rare earth resources by any company or person without
a permit, and the enforcement of a production quota that was
set by the country’s central government. It will
also encourage China’s Southern Rare Earth Group
to optimise the quota within each company without its
separation and smelting quota being exceeded. This means that a
company would be unable to import rare earth source materials
to process after the quota is fully taken up.
No trading company without a permit or a quota is allowed to
import rare earth either. This measure is intended to prevent
the excessive production of rare earth processing products.
Projects will also be banned from resource utilisation and
The new plan in Jiangxi is expected to set an example for
other provinces to follow, and may help to support a
reduction in prices in the south and to prevent companies
exceeding production quotas and to stop the illegal black
market for rare earth products.