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Fluorspar

Latest News

  • Price briefing 9-15 June

    Friday, 16 June 2017

    Bauxite prices rocket higher; fluorspar spot market in Europe tracked China higher; antimony trioxide prices soften; titanium dioxide prices could rise further; according to Chinese producer Lomon Billions.

  • Fluorspar spot prices rise in Europe

    Friday, 16 June 2017

    Acidspar spot prices have increased in Europe after months of stability, as producers start to raise their offers following the uptrend in China. However, some argued that the spot market is not representative as it accounts for a small volume of the overall business, which is largely covered by annual contract.

  • Price briefing 2-8 June

    Friday, 09 June 2017

    Ilmenite price ranges widened on buyer-reluctance, as rutile remained unchanged; chromite price stable; silicon carbide spreads tighten; APMDC gear up for baryte tender; fluorspar producers outside China plan price increase; India soda ash prices rise amid shipping delay; antimony trioxide prices soften

  • Fluorspar producers ex-China plan price increase from H2

    Friday, 09 June 2017

    Following rapid fluorspar price increases in China over the past months, producers in the rest of the world are talking of a price increase from H2 onwards. However, some consumers questioned the justification of raising their raw material costs at a time of global supply and demand uncertainty.

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Pricing News

  • Price briefing 9-15 June

    Friday, 16 June 2017

    Bauxite prices rocket higher; fluorspar spot market in Europe tracked China higher; antimony trioxide prices soften; titanium dioxide prices could rise further; according to Chinese producer Lomon Billions.

  • Fluorspar spot prices rise in Europe

    Friday, 16 June 2017

    Acidspar spot prices have increased in Europe after months of stability, as producers start to raise their offers following the uptrend in China. However, some argued that the spot market is not representative as it accounts for a small volume of the overall business, which is largely covered by annual contract.

  • Price briefing 2-8 June

    Friday, 09 June 2017

    Ilmenite price ranges widened on buyer-reluctance, as rutile remained unchanged; chromite price stable; silicon carbide spreads tighten; APMDC gear up for baryte tender; fluorspar producers outside China plan price increase; India soda ash prices rise amid shipping delay; antimony trioxide prices soften

  • Fluorspar producers ex-China plan price increase from H2

    Friday, 09 June 2017

    Following rapid fluorspar price increases in China over the past months, producers in the rest of the world are talking of a price increase from H2 onwards. However, some consumers questioned the justification of raising their raw material costs at a time of global supply and demand uncertainty.

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Features

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Market Brief

Fluorspar is the commercial name for fluorite, a form of calcium fluoride (CaF2). Pure fluorite contains 51.3% calcium and 48.7% fluorine.

Fluorite is the primary source of fluorine, however relatively minor sources of fluorine include cryolite (Na3AlF6), sellaite (MgF2), topaz (Al2SiO4[F,OH]2), villiaumite (NaF), bastnasite ([Ce,La][CO3]F), and fluorapatite (Ca 5[PO4,CO3]3F).

Naturally occurring cryolite, used in the aluminium smelting process, has largely been replaced by synthetic cryolite.

Fluorspar may be found in a range of geological environments, such as hydrothermal and sedimentary, associated with barytes, calcium carbonate, galena, pyrite, quartz and sphalerite.

Fluorspar grades are categorised on the basis of CaF2 content. Major grades produced include:

Other grades include:

Another source of fluorine is fluosilicic acid (FSA), made as a by-product from the processing of phosphate rock into phosphoric acid for the fertiliser industry. FSA for its fluorine content has primarily been used as a water additive, particularly in the USA.

Supply

The world's identified resource of fluorspar is approximately 500m tonnes contained. However, if reserves of fluorine present in phosphate rock are also considered, then this adds a further 1.29bn tonnes of fluorspar (or 630m. tonnes of fluorine).

South Africa is the single largest holder of these reserves (18%) with 41m tonnes of fluorite reserves, followed by Mexico (14%) with 32m tonnes, China (9%) reporting 21m tonnes, and Mongolia (5%) having 12m tonnes.















Nearly 49% of the reserves are not commercially mined or produced.




World fluorspar production capacity is about 6.3m tpa (2012), and is dominated by China (50%) and Mexico (18%), followed by smaller production in Mongolia (7%) and South Africa (3%). Countries including Russia, Namibia and Spain account for 2% each, while Kenya and Morocco contribute 1% individually.














World's major fluorspar producers include:

Mexichem – Mexico

Steyuan Mineral Resources Group – China

Mongolrostsvetmet LLC – Mongolia/Russia (JV)

Minersa – Spain

Kenya Fluorspar – Kenya

Vergenoeg Mining Company – South Africa

Masan Resources – Vietnam

British Fluorspar – United Kingdom

Markets







There are two principal grades of fluorspar, which are defined based on the CaF2 content of the material. Metallurgical (and ceramic) grade fluorspar contains ≤97% CaF2, while acid grade fluorspar contains ≥97% CaF2.

Metspar is primarily sold as a flux into markets for iron and steel casting and steelmaking.












Source: Ray Will, IM Fluorspar Conference 2011



Acidspar is the raw material for hydrofluoric acid (HF) and thus for all fluorochemicals, in addition to being an important feedstock for aluminium fluoride (captive) and other markets (such as welding rods).

Around 60% of fluorspar produced in 2008 was classed as acid grade, with the balance classed as metallurgical grade.