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Fluorspar

Latest News

  • Price Briefing: May 18-24

    Friday, 25 May 2018

    Global lithium market stable; low prices offered in China cloud market outlook; Chinese TiO2 sellers still able to meet strong European demand; PRICING NOTICE: Proposal to amend Industrial Minerals’ iodine prices; Hydrofluoric market rebound supports Chinese acidspar prices; Alternative applications support chemical-grade chromite prices in Europe

  • Hydrofluoric market rebound supports Chinese acidspar prices

    Friday, 25 May 2018

    An uptick in the domestic hydrofluoric acid market in April to May has paused the fall in Chinese acidspar prices.

  • Kenya Fluorspar misses opportunity as rights expire and market softens

    Wednesday, 23 May 2018

    Fluorspar prices are now moving upward again, so Kenya Fluorspar managing director Nico Spangenberg believes that conditions are now overwhelmingly against a successful restart of production at the mine.

  • Arkema finishes expansion work at US fluoropolymer plant

    Thursday, 17 May 2018

    The company's Kentucky plant now has extra 20% capacity, following its price increase and demand for products growing with US GDP.

More from Latest News

Pricing News

  • Price Briefing: May 18-24

    Friday, 25 May 2018

    Global lithium market stable; low prices offered in China cloud market outlook; Chinese TiO2 sellers still able to meet strong European demand; PRICING NOTICE: Proposal to amend Industrial Minerals’ iodine prices; Hydrofluoric market rebound supports Chinese acidspar prices; Alternative applications support chemical-grade chromite prices in Europe

  • Hydrofluoric market rebound supports Chinese acidspar prices

    Friday, 25 May 2018

    An uptick in the domestic hydrofluoric acid market in April to May has paused the fall in Chinese acidspar prices.

  • Chinese acidspar prices remain stable for second consecutive week

    Friday, 11 May 2018

    There was no movement this week but market participants believe acidspar prices are set to fall due to the weaker hydrofluoric acid market.

  • Price Briefing May 4 - 10

    Friday, 11 May 2018

    Global iodine spot market strengthens on bullish sentiment; Sluggish demand drags down global antimony trioxide market; Foundry-grade chromite prices edge up on ongoing tightness; Sparse buying activity leaves Chinese magnesia export prices steady; Chinese lithium carbonate import prices climb but export prices soften, China’s flake graphite prices steady, demand remains quiet; Chinese domestic battery-grade lithium compound spot prices stabilize, other regions soften.

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Features

  • 2017: The year of the supply squeeze

    Thursday, 14 December 2017

    If 2016 should be remembered with a shudder, then 2017 will be remembered as the year when it became harder to source minerals. The supply situation changed for many minerals in the markets that Industrial Minerals covers, not least because many producers were simply shut down by strict environmental laws in China, or found it harder to source materials due to demand-side challenges, consultant editor Siobhan Lismore-Scott writes.

  • A Chinese squeeze? Fluorspar industry governed by uncertainty

    Friday, 29 September 2017

    China is the largest producer and consumer of fluorspar, but supply has been curtailed due to draconian environmental legislation, which has pushed up prices. Will this give new producers in Vietnam, Canada and Afghanistan a chance to swoop in and further alter the supply mix? IM Consultant Editor, Siobhan Lismore-Scott, reports.

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Market Brief

Fluorspar is the commercial name for fluorite, a form of calcium fluoride (CaF2). Pure fluorite contains 51.3% calcium and 48.7% fluorine.

Fluorite is the primary source of fluorine, however relatively minor sources of fluorine include cryolite (Na3AlF6), sellaite (MgF2), topaz (Al2SiO4[F,OH]2), villiaumite (NaF), bastnasite ([Ce,La][CO3]F), and fluorapatite (Ca 5[PO4,CO3]3F).

Naturally occurring cryolite, used in the aluminium smelting process, has largely been replaced by synthetic cryolite.

Fluorspar may be found in a range of geological environments, such as hydrothermal and sedimentary, associated with barytes, calcium carbonate, galena, pyrite, quartz and sphalerite.

Fluorspar grades are categorised on the basis of CaF2 content. Major grades produced include:

Other grades include:

Another source of fluorine is fluosilicic acid (FSA), made as a by-product from the processing of phosphate rock into phosphoric acid for the fertiliser industry. FSA for its fluorine content has primarily been used as a water additive, particularly in the USA.

Supply

The world's identified resource of fluorspar is approximately 500m tonnes contained. However, if reserves of fluorine present in phosphate rock are also considered, then this adds a further 1.29bn tonnes of fluorspar (or 630m. tonnes of fluorine).

South Africa is the single largest holder of these reserves (18%) with 41m tonnes of fluorite reserves, followed by Mexico (14%) with 32m tonnes, China (9%) reporting 21m tonnes, and Mongolia (5%) having 12m tonnes.















Nearly 49% of the reserves are not commercially mined or produced.




World fluorspar production capacity is about 6.3m tpa (2012), and is dominated by China (50%) and Mexico (18%), followed by smaller production in Mongolia (7%) and South Africa (3%). Countries including Russia, Namibia and Spain account for 2% each, while Kenya and Morocco contribute 1% individually.














World's major fluorspar producers include:

Mexichem – Mexico

Steyuan Mineral Resources Group – China

Mongolrostsvetmet LLC – Mongolia/Russia (JV)

Minersa – Spain

Kenya Fluorspar – Kenya

Vergenoeg Mining Company – South Africa

Masan Resources – Vietnam

British Fluorspar – United Kingdom

Markets







There are two principal grades of fluorspar, which are defined based on the CaF2 content of the material. Metallurgical (and ceramic) grade fluorspar contains ≤97% CaF2, while acid grade fluorspar contains ≥97% CaF2.

Metspar is primarily sold as a flux into markets for iron and steel casting and steelmaking.












Source: Ray Will, IM Fluorspar Conference 2011



Acidspar is the raw material for hydrofluoric acid (HF) and thus for all fluorochemicals, in addition to being an important feedstock for aluminium fluoride (captive) and other markets (such as welding rods).

Around 60% of fluorspar produced in 2008 was classed as acid grade, with the balance classed as metallurgical grade.