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Graphite

Latest News

  • Graphite Price Tracker: August 2015

    Thursday, 27 August 2015

    IM outlines the key flake graphite price trends seen in Q2 2015.

  • IM Graphite News in Brief 21 – 27 August

    Thursday, 27 August 2015

    Kibaran seals Epanko offtake with ThyssenKrupp; DNI signs LOI with Toronto graphite processing facility.

  • Expandable graphite touted for use in water pollution treatment

    Tuesday, 25 August 2015

    China’s efforts to find new markets for the country’s increasing overcapacity problem have thrown the spotlight onto research by Beijing’s Tsinghua University, which has been working on developing water treatment technology using expandable graphite for the last three decades.

  • China Graphite Committee stresses need to focus on high value materials

    Monday, 24 August 2015

    The governing body of China’s graphite industry used its annual meeting in Jixi to outline its plans to curb pollution from the sector while simultaneously ramping up its efforts to shift its position from an exporter of low value ores to a manufacturer of high value engineered graphite products.

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Features

  • Cofermin Group: Trading confidence

    Wednesday, 26 August 2015

    Essen, Germany-based Cofermin’s dispersed yet nimble network of operatives can expand the market reach of suppliers and multiply sourcing options for buyers of speciality minerals. With the recent launch of two new businesses, the group is delving into even more niches than it was in before. Cofermin spoke to IM how people are at the heart of its reputation for transparency, efficiency and trust.

  • AMG Graphite: Bringing Bavarian intelligence to new markets

    Wednesday, 22 July 2015

    Formerly known as Graphit Kropfmuehl, AMG Graphite traces its graphite mining routes in Bavaria back over 100 years. Laura Syrett, Acting Editor, travelled to the company’s mine in Germany to discover how, following a recent equity injection by Alterna Capital, this seasoned company is moving to build on its already formidable stature as a processor of speciality graphite material, spurred by the prospect of growth in new, high value markets.

  • Battery minerals: A question of purity?

    Wednesday, 22 July 2015

    Competition to supply raw materials to the burgeoning Li-ion battery market is hotting up. Josie Shillito, Reporter, spoke to experts in the industry to discover the importance of producing the appropriate purity minerals to manufacturers and whether sustainable provenance will hamper efforts to keep costs down.

  • Far Eastern promise: Dalgraphite to boost Russian graphite production

    Wednesday, 22 July 2015

    Dalgraphite is developing the Soyuznoye deposit in Far East Russia. With infrastructural, investment and political hurdles to surmount, Vladislav Vorotnikov, IM Correspondent, takes a look at the company’s chances of making it to 40,000 tpa production by 2018.

  • Rank and file: Assessing graphite projects on credentials

    Wednesday, 22 July 2015

    The fervour for graphite exploration shows few signs of letting up, but with more and more companies piling into the industry, despite warnings about the comparative narrowness of the future demand window, judging the quality of projects is tricky. Andrew Scogings, Jason Chesters and Bill Shaw take a look at the field and suggest some parameters for assessing individual developments.

  • Re-elected UK government pledges support for domestic energy production

    Thursday, 28 May 2015

    The UK's Convervative party has pledged to support fracking in a bid to boost domestic energy production. Emma Hughes explores what this means for industrial minerals.

  • Graphene Engineering Innovation Centre

    Friday, 20 March 2015

    Manchester is looking to lead the UK in its efforts to keep up in the global graphene race.

  • Leaving lab status: Graphene’s various routes to industrial application

    Friday, 20 March 2015

    The commercialisation of graphene is complicated by the many forms in which it can be obtained as well as its multifarious potential applications. Marko Spasenovic takes a look at the present state of the industry and assesses how the material is progressing from the research market to industrial products.

  • The importance of Manchester’s “Graphene City”

    Friday, 20 March 2015

    Graphene has continued to generate a buzz in both research and mining communities over the past year as companies search for that killer application that will bring the nano-material out of laboratories and into the commercial mainstream. Emma Hughes, Special Projects Editor, looks at how Manchester is leading the charge in the UK.

  • Critical minerals: booms, busts and price spike indicators

    Friday, 27 February 2015

    As the growth in next generation technologies – most notably green energy – continues to gain momentum, scrutiny is intensifying on the supply and sustainability of the raw materials that are facilitating these developments. IM Research analyses the market sensitivity of eight of these critical minerals.

  • The Tesla effect: one year on

    Friday, 27 February 2015

    Tesla’s Gigafactory will create extra demand for lithium and graphite when it comes on line in 2017, but there is question over where it will source its raw materials from. Junior producers will need to look to new and innovative ways of financing their projects to be ready for Tesla, possibly even tapping the electric vehicle maker and other end users, Josie Shillito, reports.

  • Africa’s Industrial Minerals Map

    Saturday, 24 January 2015

  • Africa: projects in the pipeline

    Saturday, 24 January 2015

    Africa has long been viewed as a continent of great possibility when it comes to mining, with vast mineral and metal resources spread throughout its 47 countries. Yet political unrest, financial corruption, community opposition and environmental issues have thwarted the true potential this region offers. Several industrial mineral mining companies have flocked to the region over the past several years in an attempt to overcome these issues.

  • Critical materials show mixed price performance in 2014

    Saturday, 10 January 2015

    Falling energy prices hit demand for cleantech minerals; CRMs on par with base and precious metals in 2014

  • Lessons from 100 years of mineral data

    Wednesday, 31 December 2014

    With the recent publication of data for 2012, the British Geological Survey (BGS) has 100 years of continuous mineral production data - but what do they tell us about worldwide industrial mineral production? Teresa Brown analyses some of these trends and what they say about the industry as a whole.

  • Tough times for many in 2015

    Saturday, 27 December 2014

    Energy minerals still waiting for battery lift off; chromite market bearish over next 12 months

  • The Indian graphite industry - why we need to take notice

    Thursday, 27 November 2014

    As companies battle to bring their graphite projects, IM looks at the possibilities emerging in India.

  • Graphite projects and reserves - are we facing an oversupply situation?

    Thursday, 27 November 2014

    This year has seen two graphite mines —Woxna and Loharano — come into production and a lot of excitement as Tesla’s Gigafactory was announced. However, prices have remained muted and as time ticks on, a strategic partner is yet to be announced to supply the electric vehicle producer. IM Editor Siobhan Lismore-Scott asks the industry their opinions on the market and projects in the pipeline — both existing and, in the case of Vietnam and India, potential for growth.

  • Talga eyes graphene potential

    Wednesday, 26 November 2014

    Graphene has the potential to cause a high-tech revolution in a number of industries, but the material’s commercial breakthrough has been hindered by the difficulty of producing pristine graphene on a bulk scale. Talga resources claims to have broken this impasse, following metallurgical developments at its Vittangi project. James Sean Dickson, Reporter, visited the company’s site in Sweden to assess its progress.

  • Graphite: The six steps to striking success

    Wednesday, 26 November 2014

    This report aims to compare and contrast 21 listed graphite plays (13 ASX, seven TSX and one AIM) and shed some light on important factors to consider when assessing graphite (and indeed other industrial mineral) projects1. Andrew Scogings, IM Consultant, and Jason Chesters, Resource Analyst at Patersons Securities, look into the listed companies using parameters set out by Patersons in August. The project list is by no means exhaustive, and should be seen as a general perspective on the current state of play.

  • Australia: End of the mining gloom?

    Wednesday, 26 November 2014

    The downturn of the global “commodities supercyle” and slowing raw material demand in China has been felt keenly in Australia’s resources sector. But while proponents of Australian mining admit the industry isn’t quite as mighty as it used to be, they say that there are still plenty of reasons to be positive Down Under, Siobhan Lismore-Scott, Editor and Laura Syrett, Prices Editor, discover.

  • The Battery Show ’14: The future of Li-ion batteries

    Wednesday, 29 October 2014

    Raw materials and R&D costs “prohibitive”; energy storage solutions key to future demand

  • Clouds gather for minsands as energy minerals renege on premature optimism

    Monday, 22 September 2014

    Potash prices strong to 2017, says SocGen; lithium and graphite’s Tesla boost flattened

  • Diary Dates

    Monday, 22 September 2014

  • Raw materials trends in refractories

    Wednesday, 03 September 2014

    Over the last two years IM has reported on the shifting trends in the refractories industry, with China looking to reduce wastage and increase energy efficiency. Ted Dickson* explores these various trends and asks – how will this shift impact raw material supply?

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Market Brief

Graphite is one of most versatile of non-metallic minerals. It is one of four main natural forms of carbon along with coke, coal, anthracite and diamond. Graphite can also be manufactured synthetically, primarily via the Acheson Process which utilises lower purity carbon-bearing raw materials blended with tar pitch.

Natural graphite is produced in three commercial forms: amorphous (60-85%C), flake (>85%C) and vein (>90%C). Vein graphite is only being mined in Sri Lanka.

Graphite’s main markets are a combination of traditional industry – refractories (high temperature bricks and linings utilised in metal production, ceramics, petrochemicals and cement industries) – as well as batteries and the main anode material. Other markets include steel-making (as a recarburizer), brake-linings for vehicles and lubricants.

Natural and synthetic graphite industries operate independently and have little crossover in market share and end-uses.

Natural graphite supply

Natural graphite production was 1.1m tonnes worldwide in 2012. Of this total, flake accounted for 55%, amorphous 44% and vein 1%.

The dominance of Chinese production is the main talking point in the industry. China accounted for 79% of total world output followed by Brazil, India, North Korea and Canada. Smaller levels of production are also seen in Norway, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Russia, Ukraine and Germany.

The natural graphite industry is going through a corrective phase following over two decades of no new supply coming on-stream.

China is focusing on controlling its sprawling domestic graphite industry and improving pollution levels and mining practices. At the same time a macro-economic push to move from lower value exports to producing value added products is expected to see less graphite concentrate destined for export and higher production of downstream products such as spherical graphite and battery anode materials.

The 2011 exploration boom

The emergence of electric vehicles (EV) and the potential boom in lithium-ion battery demand has buoyed interest in graphite’s role as a major battery raw material. This led to an exploration boom between 2011 and 2012 which saw over 70 new companies being established, predominately focused on exploration in Canada.

Towards the end of 2012, the rush slowed as investment from the capital markets dried up.

Graphite is one of most versatile of non-metallic minerals. It is one of four main natural forms of carbon along with coke, coal, anthracite and diamond. Graphite can also be manufactured synthetically, primarily via the Acheson Process which utilises lower purity carbon-bearing raw materials blended with tar pitch.

Natural graphite is produced in three commercial forms: amorphous (60-85%C), flake (>85%C) and vein (>90%C). Vein graphite is only being mined in Sri Lanka.

Graphite’s main markets are a combination of traditional industry – refractories (high temperature bricks and linings utilised in metal production, ceramics, petrochemicals and cement industries) – as well as batteries and the main anode material. Other markets include steel-making (as a recarburizer), brake-linings for vehicles and lubricants.

Natural and synthetic graphite industries operate independently and have little crossover in market share and end-uses.

Natural graphite supply

Natural graphite production was 1.1m tonnes worldwide in 2012. Of this total, flake accounted for 55%, amorphous 44% and vein 1%.

The dominance of Chinese production is the main talking point in the industry. China accounted for 79% of total world output followed by Brazil, India, North Korea and Canada. Smaller levels of production are also seen in Norway, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Russia, Ukraine and Germany.

The natural graphite industry is going through a corrective phase following over two decades of no new supply coming on-stream.

China is focusing on controlling its sprawling domestic graphite industry and improving pollution levels and mining practices. At the same time a macro-economic push to move from lower value exports to producing value added products is expected to see less graphite concentrate destined for export and higher production of downstream products such as spherical graphite and battery anode materials.

The 2011 exploration boom

The emergence of electric vehicles (EV) and the potential boom in lithium-ion battery demand has buoyed interest in graphite’s role as a major battery raw material. This led to an exploration boom between 2011 and 2012 which saw over 70 new companies being established, predominately focused on exploration in Canada.

Towards the end of 2012, the rush slowed as investment from the capital markets dried up.

Major graphite producer highlights

Nacional de Grafite, Brazil
Timcal Ltd, Canada
Skaland Graphite
• Grafitbergbau Kaiserberg, Austria
• Tirupati Carbons, India
• Agrawal Graphite Industries, India
• Tamin, India

Major graphite processors

Asbury Carbons
Superior Graphite

Graphite exploration company highlights

Northern Graphite, Canada
Focus Graphite, Canada
Ontario Graphite, Canada
Energizer Resources, Madagascar
Syrah Resources, Mozambique
Standard Graphite, Canada
• 
Talga Resources, Sweden
Graphite One, Canada

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