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Frac Sand

More from Frac Sand


  • BHP looks to shed shale oil assets

    Tuesday, 22 August 2017

    The mining company sees little hope for fracking development outside of the US.

  • US drilling activity stagnates after H1 boom

    Monday, 21 August 2017

    Data from Baker Hughes suggest that drilling rates have stabilised, which would also slow the growth in oilfield mineral demand.

  • Price Briefing 11-17 August

    Friday, 18 August 2017

    Graphite prices rise again; magnesia up as environmental back on Lioaning; iodine increases; antimony trioxide stays unchanged in midsummer; Industrial Minerals proposes to delist barytes and bentonite grades; fluorspar drops; ICL and APC conclude potash supply contracts with India.

  • Pricing notice: Proposed delisting of bentonite prices

    Thursday, 17 August 2017

    Industrial Minerals proposes to delist 14 bentonite prices in end-September, and revise the frequency of assessment of one grade from weekly to monthly.

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Market Brief

Based on the expanding amount of exploration taking place in both conventional oil and gas markets, as well as the burgeoning shale energy industry, the demand for oilfield minerals is expected to rise.


The increased call for minerals used during oilfield processes has caused price volatility over the past years – especially following the US shale gas boom, which took place from 2011 and is still having an im­pact on the market today.


Spikes in the price of barite (barytes), potash and silica sand (frac sand) over the last seven years have caused key buyers of raw materials – drilling fluid manufacturers such as Halliburton, Baker Hughes, Schlumberger and Weatherford – to take a hit of up to $160m in one year.


Freight costs, lack of suitable raw material supply, and China’s pro­duction domination have all been blamed for pricespikes seen in oil­field minerals, particularly barite and potash.


Elsewhere, rising demand for ceramic proppants derived from bauxite and kaolin has sparked a raft of plant expansions in the US.


The supply and demand situation has alsoincreased the call for drill­ing minerals such as bentonite and barite.


Volatility in the oilfield market will remain,and the only way to overcome the gap that may open up in the supply and demandchain is to keep a close eye on industry developments.

How are industrial minerals used in fracking?

  • Drilling mud which consists of bentonite with additives such as barite, calcium carbonate and graphite is used to lubricate the drill bit.

  • Fracking fluid which consists of silica sand (1.959%) and water (97.85%) and a chemical mix (0.5%) including organic phosphonate, diatomite, calcium chloride, sodium chloride, calcium carbonate and magnesium chloride is sent down a well to ‘prop’ open fissures in the shale rock